Interior ministry: Aliens Act amend aimed at protecting Estonian residents

As @JeffHemlin noted, Estonia’s population has been shrinking for the past 20 years making it harder to understand the economic rationale for the move:

Wednesday saw the so-called cluster law passed recently by the Riigikogu come into effect. One of the key bills in the package was amendments to the Aliens Act which requires third-country citizens without work to leave the country, Ruth Annus, head of the interior ministry’s citizenship and migration policy department, says that the main purpose of the amendment is to protect Estonian citizens and residents in the labor market, particularly the agricultural sector.

The changes just come into force only affect migrant workers, meaning those who are neither citizens nor residents, and are third-country nationals, i.e. non-EU, EEA or Swiss Confederation citizens, and who work in Estonia on a temporary basis.

Such individuals who have a long-term visa or visa-free stay for the purpose of employment who lose their jobs must find new employment “within a reasonable time,” or leave the country, Annus said in a press release issued Thursday morning.

A list of changes can be found at the bottom of this article.

Not directly related to emergency situation

The amend, while it formed part of the raft of laws issued in response to the coronavirus pandemic, is permanent and will not change when the emergency situation ends, Annus said. Nonetheless, unemployment rose from 14,000 to 50,000 since the emergency situation was declared, Annus said.

Restrictions on cross-border movement in the wake of the pandemic have also hampered employers from taking on additional foreign labor as springtime approached.

The amend will mitigate the risk of foreigners who lose their jobs in Estonia remaining in the country, or the Schengen Zone as a whole, “without purpose”, she said. Her reasoning for this was that foreigners staying in Estonia or elsewhere in the EU may also commit other offenses.

The move will also protect Estonians and residents of Estonia in the labor market, she said.

In practice the change mostly affects the agricultural sector, and comes with a transitional period intended to help employers to adapt to the new situation and find suitable employees among the Estonian population, Annus said.

Anecdotal evidence from agricultural sector

According to Annus, farmers have said several times in the media that they have had large numbers of candidates for vacancies over quite some time, many of them without direct experience.

A beauty worker reportedly started working milking cows at the start of the emergency situation (declared on March 12-ed.), fulfilling a long-held desire in so doing, and two music students came back to Estonia during the pandemic, and applied for a job on a local farm.

While further details of these cases were not provided, Annus said they were certainly not the only examples.

At the same time, such posts were best suited to Estonians, she said.

“The Estonian person is smart and adaptable. I am sure that in the current situation, employers and job seekers will find each other better, and the Estonian people will appreciate working in agriculture more.”

As reported on ERR News, rural affairs minister Arvo Aller (EKRE) was of the same mind as Annus on the issue, seeing as many Estonians entering the agricultural sector as possible, including students and school children.

Farmers who have recently spoken to the media about the situation have said agricultural work cannot be done by just anybody but needs to be done by people with experience. They have also said many Estonians do not want to relocate away from cities and their families to work in the countryside.

President criticized changes

On Monday, President Kersti Kaljulaid criticized amendments to the Aliens Act saying it is not reasonable to change visa terms mid-way through.

“The amended terms and conditions affect already issued visas too. The legislature must develop rules for workers entering Estonia from non-member states, but lawmaking should rely on the principle of legal clarity. So, if the country has issued visas pursuant to particular terms and conditions, it is not reasonable to retroactively amend them. A confident country does not operate like this,” she said.

The president emphasized these conditions would remain in force even after the crisis period which would later hinder businesses and economic recovery.

“This will make the difficult situation that so many companies already find themselves in even more complicated. The issue has been raised both by separate businesses and business umbrella organisations. Several industry sectors now have the crucial need to engage foreign staff, especially qualified workers and seasonal labourers from abroad, and this need must be addressed if we want to keep the economy and family income growing. Thus, applying additional foreign labour force restrictions will only increase the economic decline in Estonia and prevent the recovery of our economy and expansion of employment options,” Kaljualid said.

Statistics: Who will be most affected?

Last month ERR News asked the Ministry of the Interior which sectors and how many people would be most affected by the changes.

A spokesperson for the ministry said: “It is not possible to say how many people in Estonia will lose their jobs in the nearest future because of the crisis in economy caused by COVID-19 disease.

“There are 18,540 valid short-term employment registered as the state of 6th of April. This is not the number of foreigners actually temporarily staying in Estonia right now, but the number of foreigners who have right to work here on short-term basis.”

The spokesperson also gave ERR News a breakdown of the top 5 sectors which visas have been issued to, which is displayed below. Of the top five, most short-term registrations have been issued in the construction sector and the least in agriculture.

Aliens Act amendment facts

  • Short-term migrant workers in Estonia can work under general conditions for a maximum of 12 months out of 15 months, or in seasonal work for 9 months out of 12 months.
  • Employers must register short-term employment of a migrant worker with the Police and Border Guard Board (PPA).
  • Agricultural employers can retain workers hired and in Estonia by March 17, until July 31.
  • After July 31, temporary migrant workers have one month to arrange their departure from Estonia, though the PPA will assess each case on its individual merits.
  • Migrant workers whose maximum permitted period of short-term employment has already been reached and who are not continuing to work in agriculture must leave Estonia as soon as possible.
  • Visas will not be revoked overnight, though an alien currently jobless will be given a “reasonable” amount of time (generally taken to be one month-see above) to either find a new employer or arrange to leave the country.
  • If departure is not possible at present while the emergency situation continues and borders are closed, the alien has 10 days to leave the country once the situation is declared closed. The current expiry date for the emergency situation is May 17.
  • Those affected should approach their home country’s foreign mission in Estonia for assistance, Annus said.
  • Current employers can also provide assistance to help third country nationals return home once their contract is up.

Source: Interior ministry: Aliens Act amend aimed at protecting Estonian residents

Editorial: Estonia needs to tackle anti-Semitism before it’s too late

Generally, not much coverage of Estonia:

For the small Estonian Jewish community, times have been peaceful – but recent anti-Semitic acts are a reason for concern.

Over the weekend of 22-23 June, several headstones at the 110-year old Rahumäe Jewish cemetery in the Estonian capital, Tallinn, were knocked over. On 23 June, swastikas were spray-painted on large stones by the Lille bus stop in Tallinn’s Kristiine district.

“On 23 June, when all of Estonia celebrated the 100th anniversary of the victory of Estonian troops over the Baltic Landeswehr (Baltic German troops during the Estonian War of Independence – editor) near Võnnu, there were two extremely outrageous incidents in Tallinn,” the Jewish Community of Estonia wrote on its Facebook page on 24 June.

“This monstrous act of vandalism at a place where our ancestors rest in peace, where every human being thinks about spirituality, their connection to past generations and human values, is offensive, frightening and unacceptable in our society,” the Estonian Jewish Community and the Estonian Jewish Congregation said in a statement.

The community added that the act of vandalism was the first at the Jewish cemetery – it was not defiled even during the Nazi occupation of Estonia (from 1941-1944 – editor).

According to Alla Jakobson, the chairwoman of the Estonian Jewish Community, it is hard to believe that these malicious actions were organised specifically during the holidays in Estonia (when the country celebrates Victory Day, Midsummer Eve and Midsummer Day – or St John’s Day). “It is hoped that it was just a very unfortunate coincidence,” she said in a statement.

“We honour the memory of the deceased and would like society to show understanding and mutual respect for the memory of the people who lost their ancestors in that country. I am convinced the [police] investigation will identify those whose behaviour caused sorrow and pain,” Jakobson added.

The Jewish Community of Estonia added that “such acts of vandalism and the spray-painted swastikas in public places are a direct reference to the tragic [historical] events. We hope [these events] will never happen again. Not in Estonia, or in any other country.”

Several incidents in a row causing a concern

The latest anti-Semitic acts follow the incident in March, when a 27-year-old Estonian man aggressively shouted at the country’s Chief Rabbi, Shmuel Kot, on the street: “What are you staring at, Jew? You’re going into the oven.” The man also shouted “Sieg Heil” and “Heil Hitler” at Kot while the rabbi was walking to Tallinn’s synagogue with two of his children, aged seven and 12. The police later identified the abuser, arrested him – and he was sentenced to eight days in prison.

According to Kot, this kind of an incident was the first time two of his children had witnessed any such harassment.

In August 2018, unidentified individuals vandalised the Holocaust memorials at Kalevi-Liiva in Estonia’s Harju County. Thousands of Jews perished there during the Nazi occupation of Estonia, from 1941-1944. The memorials were spray-painted with swastikas, anti-Semitic and Nazi messages.

6, when Estonian World spoke to Rabbi Kot, he told us Estonia was a very peaceful, calm and good country for Jews. Therefore, the latest developments cause a serious concern – and in the light of far-right gains in the last parliamentary election in March, beg the question whether an anti-Semitic sentiment is on the rise in Estonia.

A troubled history, but mostly tolerant country for Jews

Like many European countries, Estonia may have had a fair bit of troubled history with anti-Semitism, but for the most part of its existence, it has been regarded as a tolerant country for Jews.

From the very first days of its existence as a state in 1918, Estonia showed tolerance towards all the peoples inhabiting her territories. In 1925, the Act of Cultural Autonomy for Ethnic Minorities was enacted in Estonia, giving minority groups consisting of at least 3,000 individuals the right of self-determination in cultural matters. Thus, in 1926, the Jewish cultural autonomy was declared – first of its kind in the world. For its tolerant policy towards Jews, even a page was dedicated to the Republic of Estonia in the Golden Book of the Jewish National Fund in 1927.

Sadly, the history took a wrong turn. With the Soviet occupation of Estonia in 1940, Jewish cultural autonomy, in addition to the activities of Jewish organisations, was terminated. All Jewish schools were closed and 414 Estonian Jews (10 per cent of the Jewish community) were deported to Siberia in the course of the mass deportations of June 1941.

Worse was to come. During the German occupation, the Nazis murdered approximately 1,000 Jews who had failed to flee Estonia (most had escaped to the Soviet Union before the Nazi occupation). In addition, about 10,000 Jews were transported to Nazi concentration camps in Estonia from other parts of Europe. Only a handful of them survived.

During the second Soviet occupation (1944–1991), many Jews migrated to Estonia again to escape the anti-Semitism prevalent in many parts of the Soviet Union. After the restoration of Estonia’s independence in 1991, the local Jewish cultural life was reinvigorated again and the community of about 2,500 people has generally thrived since. In 2007, a new synagogue was opened in Tallinn – the first synagogue to open in Estonia since the Second World War.

Let’s keep Estonia an educated and tolerant country

This publication calls the Estonian society and institutions to take the anti-Semitic incidents seriously – it’s important to tackle the hatred and prejudice and cut it at its roots. More education is needed about the Holocaust – there is sadly still too much ignorance and denial about the genocide that also took place in Estonia, among many European countries.

The local media – and especially the country’s public broadcasting, ERR – could also highlight the positive contribution of thousands of Estonian Jews throughout the history, which has benefitted not just Estonia, but also the world. From Louis Kahn to Eri Klas, from Yuri Lotman to Eino Baskin, many Estonian Jews have made Estonia and the world a better place.

Until recently, Estonia stood out positively as a place where Jews could live in peace and thrive – let’s keep it that way.

Source: Editorial: Estonia needs to tackle anti-Semitism before it’s too late

Estonia’s Interior Ministry to not support bill allowing dual citizenship

Wonder what the potential impact will be on Canadians of Estonian ancestry:

The Estonian Interior Ministry is about to make a proposal to not support the bill that would allow dual citizenship for citizens of Estonia by birth when the government discusses the Reform Party bill on Thursday.

Interior Minister Andres Anvelt will make a proposal to the government to not support the draft legislation, as making amendments to the Citizenship Act require in-depth consideration and an analysis of impacts.

The Interior Ministry observed that the proposal to legalize multiple citizenship for people and groups of people who have obtained Estonian citizenship by birth will lead to unequal treatment. Likewise, the regulation of Estonian citizenship obtained through opting set out in the draft legislation will lead to unequal treatment.

In addition, in the provisions concerning stripping of a person of their citizenship the law should not distinguish between whether a person applied for citizenship under general rules or was granted it for special merit. It is possible also now to strip all persons who have not obtained their Estonian citizenship by birth of their citizenship by a decision of the government on certain grounds, the ministry said.

At the same time, the Interior Ministry finds the proposal to add to the Citizenship Act a provision enabling persons convicted of treason or the commission of a terrorist crime to be stripped of their citizenship to be justified and supports it.

The Estonian government is scheduled on Thursday to discuss a Reform Party bill that would allow dual citizenship to Estonian citizens by birth.

The Reform Party group initiated a similar bill also in spring this year, but saw it rejected by the government. Unlike that bill, the draft to be discussed by the government Thursday envisages also the possibility to strip a person of Estonian citizenship after a guilty verdict handed down on them for treason or a terrorist crime.

Source: Estonia’s Interior Ministry to not support bill allowing dual citizenship

What’s suddenly luring Brexit-hit Britons? Estonia’s digital citizenship for anyone | ZDNet

Interesting – residence-free business facilitation status:

The concept of Estonian e-residency emerged two years ago as a transnational digital identity, available to anyone in the world interested in administering a location-independent business online.

Applicants for e-residency are fingerprinted and background-checked by the Estonian state. Once approved, the new e-resident is issued an electronic ID card which, in combination with a four-digit pin, can be used for secure digital identification.

E-resident entrepreneurs and freelancers can open and run location-independent businesses online, apply for a bank account and conduct e-banking, get access to international payment service providers, declare taxes, sign all relevant documents and contracts remotely with the same legal status as handwritten ones, and gain easier access to EU markets.

At the same time e-residency does not confer citizenship, tax residency, residence or right of entry to Estonia or to the EU.

In the beginning of August, Estonian e-residency had altogether 12,480 applicants, with 568, or a little less than five percent from the UK.

Korjus believes that the interest will grow in time, especially when the Brexit processes approach their final stages.

 With crowds of new e-citizens and hundreds of new companies, Estonia’s e-residency project has exceeded expectations in its first year.

“It all depends on what specific decisions and agreements are made as to the results of the referendum. Today there are still a lot of loose ends. We believe that e-residency will become the main tool for the British to continue their businesses in the EU. It’s wise for an international company to keep at least one body in the EU, and Estonian e-residency is the cheapest and most convenient way to do it,” he says.

Source: What’s suddenly luring Brexit-hit Britons? Estonia’s digital citizenship for anyone | ZDNet