Table 9: Diversity Paradigms


Paradigm Characteristics Examples
Diversity Individuals and groups equal and protected by same rights, no formal recognition of majority or minorities US, Sweden, Australia, India, English Canada
Unitary No official ethnocultural differentiation in public life France, Japan, Russia
Multi-Polarity Societies officially constituted of groups and subgroups Malaysia, Bolivia, Belgium, Switzerland, Northern Ireland, Canada
Layered Duality Relationship between a) ethnocultural minorities and recent immigrants, and b) an ethnocultural (founding) majority, that is a minority within a majority Quebec


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