Table 2: Citizenship and Multiculturalism Policy Shifts

 Meaningful Citizenship

Integrative Multiculturalism

  • Granting citizenship to children adopted abroad (C-14)
  • Granting citizenship to “Lost Canadians” and applying a first-generation limit (C-37) to transmission of citizenship rights
  • The new Discover Canada citizenship guide and more rigorous knowledge test
  • Tighter language requirements
  • Revocation, physical residency, and controls on consultants
  • New program objectives focused on integration
  • Links to civic values and memory
  • New approach to racism and discrimination with focus on particular communities (e.g., antisemitism)
  • Inclusion of faith-related issues
  • Similarities between interculturalisme (Quebec) and multiculturalism (Canada-wide)


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